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CDC报告显示具有抗药性的志贺菌病开始在美蔓延

来源:青岛日水生物技术有限公司官网 日期:2016-09-13 10:10

  外媒报道,根据美国疾病控制中心(CDC)最新公布的报道显示,一种被称为志贺菌病的耐药肠道病首次在美国境内开始传播。据统计,在2014年5月到2015年2月期间,美国32个州和波多黎各总共有243人感染了该种疾病。为此,CDC建议各大医疗机构在治疗志贺菌病的时候减少抗生素的使用量。CDC在报告中写道:“如果各大医疗服务机构没能成功地减少病例数量,那么我们将迎来一场大规模、旷日持久的疫情。”

  据悉,志贺菌病患者会出现头痛、乏力、血痢、腹痛、发烧等症状。它通过食物、游泳池等娱乐场所的水传播。虽然该种疾病可以在一周内得到治愈,但在患病过程中病人承受的疼痛却非常得大。这也是CDC那么关注志贺菌病的原因,不过直到最近,他们才发现这种具有耐药性的志贺菌病--这在美国非常罕见。报道称,一些从外国旅游回来的美国人将该种病菌带了回来。CDC指出,为了阻止不断出现的腹泻,一些旅行者选择服用抗生素来应对这一情况,但这并不是最理想的治疗方案。另外,大部分引发志贺菌病的病菌早就已经对美国境内采用的多种抗生素有了抗药性。

  根据报告显示,目前,马塞诸塞州、加州、宾夕法尼亚州是该类型志贺菌病的高发区。其中一半的病患都曾到印度或多米尼加共和国旅行过。不过现在美国国内也开始出现了该种疾病。

  据统计,美国每年志贺菌病的感染数量大约有50万,但大部分都不具备抗药性。

 

青岛日水生物培养基 转载,感谢qdrishui.cn


A new report from the U.S. centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) shows that a resistant enteric disease called shigella is spreading in the United States for the first time. Between May 2014 and February 2015, a total of 243 people in 32 U.S. states and Puerto Rico were infected with the disease, according to statistics. To that end, the CDC recommends that major medical institutions reduce their use of antibiotics when treating shigella. "If major health care providers fail to reduce the number of cases successfully, we will have a large and protracted epidemic," the CDC said in its report.
 
It is reported that shigella patients will appear headache, fatigue, dysentery, abdominal pain, fever and other symptoms. It is spread by water in recreational areas such as food and swimming pools. Although the disease can be cured within a week, the patient suffers a lot of pain during the course of the illness. That's why the C.D.C. is so concerned about shigella, but only recently have they discovered the resistant strain, which is rare in the United States. The report said some americans who had traveled abroad brought the disease back. The C.D.C. says some travelers are opting for antibiotics to combat the recurring diarrhea, but that's not the ideal treatment. In addition, most of the bacteria that cause shigella have long been resistant to a variety of antibiotics used in the United States.
 
Currently, Massachusetts, California and Pennsylvania have high rates of shigella, according to the report. Half had traveled to India or the Dominican republic. But now the disease is beginning to appear in the United States.
 
According to statistics, the annual number of shigella infections in the United States is about 500,000, but most of them are not resistant to drug resistance.

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